What Are the Different Types of Residential Roofing Systems?

Residential roof types and systems, much like the structures they protect, come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and composite materials. All of these features factor into the aesthetic appeal and value of your home. Whether you need residential roof repair or replacement, it’s important to know exactly what kind of roofing system is most compatible with your home and which one can withstand local climate conditions.


What Is a Roofing System?

Roofing systems are comprised of a few standard elements: air barrier or vapor retarder, roof insulation, and a structural membrane complete with flashing and other essential accessories. The main function of a roof is to provide reliable protection for the inhabitants of a home and their possessions from external elements such as climate conditions, animals, and even intruders.

Roofing systems also provide adequate shelter and insulation to establish and maintain comfortable living conditions all year round. Insulation helps prevent heat from escaping in the winter and cool air from escaping in the summer for optimal HVAC unit performance.

Types of Roofing Systems

Depending on where you live as well as the design and materials used for your home, there are a variety of residential roofing materials that builders or contractors might use. Roofing contractors in Toronto typically use the following materials:


Slate comes in two configurations: natural or synthetic. When installed correctly, natural and synthetic slates require very little maintenance over the years and they have a very long lifespan. Although natural slate is far more expensive than more commonly used materials like asphalt roofing, it can last up to 100 years without needing to be replaced. Learn more about the various types of slate roofs and their advantages/disadvantages here.


Asphalt shingles are one of the most commonly used roofing materials in North America. Not only are they durable, inexpensive, and waterproof, but they are also easy to install and come in a variety of colours and styles to match any home exterior. Asphalt shingle roofs have a 20 to 50-year lifespan and are great for homeowners on a budget who need reliable protection and aesthetic appeal for a lower price.

Metal Roofing

There’s a reason metal roofing is referred to as the proverbial “forever roof”. They are pretty much indestructible and have the capacity to withstand all kinds of climate conditions. Metal roofing has a lifespan that’s almost double that of the standard asphalt roof, which means homeowners never have to think about re-roofing their homes. That said, they do require maintenance from time to time. Metal roofs are also impervious to the elements including snow, ice, sleet, sun, rain, and hail and they are moss-, fungus-, and animal-proof. The one downside of installing metal roofs is that they come with a premium upfront cost.

Consult with a Qualified Roofing Contractor in Toronto

Whether you need to repair or replace your residential roofing system, you can trust the experts at Right Choice Roofing & Repair to provide high-quality services at a fair price. Contact us today to book a consultation and get a free next-day estimate.